On 9 January 1909, Ernest Shackleton along with three of his companions on the Nimrod expedition planted a Union Jack at 88°23’S, marking the point as the ‘Farthest South’ that had been reached by any man to that point. The men had begun their expedition almost a year earlier when they set sail from New Zealand on 1 January 1908 aboard their ship, Nimrod. Shackleton had hoped to use Antarctica’s McMurdo Sound as a base for his expedition but pressure from the Royal Geographical Society and the competition from other South Pole explorers forced him to alter his plans. The Nimrod initially set sail for...

More