Daily Archive: March 30, 2014

The Crimean War Concludes – 30 March 1856

On 30 March 1856, the Congress of Paris concluded with the signing of the Treaty of Paris, an official declaration that the Crimean War had ended. Signatories of the Treaty of Paris included representatives of Russia on the one side, and the alliance of Britain, France, the Ottoman Empire, and Sardinia on the other. Austria and Prussia were also represented at the Congress, although they had technically remained neutral during the conflict. Russia and the Ottoman Empire went to war in the fall of 1853 over the immediate issue of Russia’s right to protect Orthodox Christians. The longer term issues...


Black Death Skeletons in London

Recent forensic tests conducted on the skeletons unearthed during the London Crossrail project have revealed that the skeletons were victims of the 14th century Black Death. In all, 25 skeletons were unearthed from a 5.5m shaft beneath Charterhouse Square in March 2013. Samples taken from 12 of the skeletons revealed that four of them contained traces of the DNA of the Yersinia pestis, evidence that the medieval Londoners had been exposed to the Black Death. Radiocarbon dating on the skeletons and on pottery found buried with them showed that the burial ground was used during two separate periods that align with medieval records of...