The first edition of Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus was published anonymously in London on 1 January 1818. The author was Mary Shelley, a young lady of twenty years who had begun writing the novel when she was eighteen years old. Although her name did not appear on the original three-volume set, it appeared on the second edition printed in 1823. In the foreword to the third edition of the novel, Mary recalled the summer during which she had conceived of and written the novel while on holiday in Geneva. She vividly recalled the “incessant rain” that “confined us for...

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