Football in the mid-19th century was a scattered, disorganized affair, especially when compared to the institutionalised football organizations of today. England had formed a football association in 1863 and adopted rules that allowed only the goalkeeper to handle the ball, and only then inside his marked area. Scotland, on the other hand, still allowed all players to handle the ball. As the English game became more organized following the FA’s formation, Scotland’s football remained disorganised. Despite the lack of rules, many Scottish teams began to emerge. The oldest and most well-known of the Scottish teams was Queen’s Park, a team...

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