The last time a monarch entered the House of Commons was on this day in British History, 4 January 1642. King Charles I had competed against Parliament for much of his reign, but tensions escalated during the Long Parliament. Essentially, Charles believed that Puritans, encouraged by five MPs (infamous as the Five Members) had encouraged the Scots to invade England in the recent Bishops’ Wars and that they were intent on turning the London mob against him. The Five Members, by name, were John Pym, John Hampden, Denzil Holles, Arthur Haselrig and William Strode. In response, Charles entered Parliament and took the speaker’s chair, intent on arresting...

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