Tagged: exploration

Colonists Begin the First Settlement at Sydney Cove – 26 January 1788

When the American colonies gained independence in 1783, Britain was forced to look for a new outlet for convicts. In 1785, Order in Council were issued for the establishment of a penal colony in New South Wales. The assembled voyage fleet was comprised of eleven vessels that carried more than 1,000 convicts, marines, and seamen, along with the requisite supplies for the voyage and establishment of a colony. Led by Captain Arthur Phillip, the First Fleet departed Portsmouth on 13 May 1787. Apart from one recorded incident, the convict population of the fleet behaved well during the voyage. The fleet...


Ernest Shackleton Claims a New ‘Farthest South’ – 9 January 1909

On 9 January 1909, Ernest Shackleton along with three of his companions on the Nimrod expedition planted a Union Jack at 88°23’S, marking the point as the ‘Farthest South’ that had been reached by any man to that point. The men had begun their expedition almost a year earlier when they set sail from New Zealand on 1 January 1908 aboard their ship, Nimrod. Shackleton had hoped to use Antarctica’s McMurdo Sound as a base for his expedition but pressure from the Royal Geographical Society and the competition from other South Pole explorers forced him to alter his plans. The Nimrod initially set sail for...