Although England and Scotland had shared a monarch since the Union of Crowns in 1603, they had remained separate states operating under the control of separate governments. Essentially, the monarch wore two crowns simultaneously, and the respective parliaments governed their own nations. In spite of three separate attempts to unify the countries in the years following the Union of Crowns, (1606, 1667, and 1689) it was not until the reign of Queen Anne in 1702 that a union came to fruition. Shortly before his death in 1702, King William III had attempted to set the wheels in motion for unification...

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